Originally the Pomeranian was a much larger dog used for herding. It was discovered in the Pomeranian region of Germany, from which it also derived its name. It is a member of the Spitz family, which includes Samoyeds, Malamutes, and Chow Chows. Through careful selection of breeding stock, the dog from Pomerania was reduced in size from 30 pounds to its present day weight. The breed underwent most of the size reduction in Victorian England, but saw continued miniaturization in the 20th century. The Pomeranian has been recognized in the United States since 1900.
A dwarf member of the Spitz family.
Erect, pricked-ears are not altered.
Upright tail tilts forward over the body.
Expression is described as foxy.
Height 11 inches
A heavy, double coat that stands out from the body. The undercoat is short and thick, and the outercoat is longer and coarse.
The feel of the Pom’s coat is somewhat harsh.
Colors and combinations of colors are numerous.
Solids of any color are allowed with or without shadings of sable.
Parti-colors and black-and-tan bi-colors are also permitted.
Show classes are divided by color.
Red is the most commonly seen color.
The profuse coat takes three years to reach maturity.
Some great characteristics:
- Highly intelligent, playful, and energetic
- Outgoing and friendly personality
- Alert, curious, and busy
- Protective of family: good watch dog
- Highly trainable and eager to please
- Sweet, gentle, and sensitive
You may have also noticed these characteristics:
- May have a tendency to bark excessively
- Can be possessive of toys and food, tending to show dominance
- Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble
- Can be difficult to housetrain
- Fragile and easily injured because of their small size
- Can be snappy with children
Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise
- Supervise your pet as you would a toddler. Keep doors closed, pick up after yourself, and block off rooms as necessary. This will keep her out of trouble and away from objects they shouldn’t put in their mouth.
- Regular brushing and grooming is needed to keep their coat beautiful.
- Pomeranians often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!
- Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy.
- They are well suited to apartment life as long as they are given daily walks and frequent play sessions.
- They are highly intelligent and can be taught to perform a variety of tricks to keep them mentally stimulated.
- Due to their assertive nature and small size, their is not recommended for homes with small children.
- Keep your dog’s diet consistent and don’t give them people food.
- Feed a high-quality diet appropriate for their age.
- Exercise your dog regularly, but don’t overdo it at first.
If you have any questions regarding your Pomeranian please contact Meadowlands Veterinary Hospital at 201-646-2008 or visit us at www.meadowlandsvethospital.com